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  • Authors: Masashi, Arita; Norihito, Sakaguchi;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    TEM and SEM have contributed greatly to the progress of various research fields, which has been accelerated in the last few decades by highly functional electron microscopes and microscopy. In this tide of microscopy, various microscopic methods have been developed to make clear many unsolved problems, e.g. pulse beam TEM, environmental microscopy, correlative microscopy, etc. In this book, a number of reviews have been collected concerning these subjects. We think that the content in each chapter is impressive, and we hope this book will contribute to future advances in electron microscopy, materials science, and biomedicine.

  • Authors: Faustino, Wahaia;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    This Edited Volume is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of Quantum Electronics. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the field. All chapters are complete in itself but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on Quantum Electronics, and open new possible research paths for further novel developments.

  • Authors: Takashi, Shiraishi; Tetsushi, Sonobe;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put...

  • Authors: Justyna, Wrzosek; Izabela, Samson-Bręk; Barbara, Gworek; Marta, Gabryszewska;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    In this chapter, the life cycle assessment was presented as a tool to implement sustainable development in the bioeconomy and circular economy. Bulky waste includes large items such as furniture, doors, flooring and mattresses. The management of bulky waste is a serious problem for European countries. The URBANREC project proposed a solution to this problem through the use of new technologies for the bulky waste processing. The aim of the URBANREC project is to implement an eco-innovative, integrated system of bulky waste management and demonstrate its effectiveness in various regions of Europe. The project has received funding from the European Union. In this chapter, the LCA environmental analysis was performed for the technology of grinding bulky waste using a water jet by the Ec...

  • Authors: Paul, Dobrescu;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    This open access book explores the most recent trends in the EU in terms of development, progress, and performance. Ten years after the 2008 economic crisis, and amidst a digital revolution that is intensifying the development race, the European Union, and especially Central and Eastern Europe, are ardently searching for their development priorities. Against this background, by relying on a cross-national perspective, the authors reflect upon the developmental challenges of the moment, such as sustainable development, reducing inequality, ensuring social cohesion, and driving the digital revolution. They particularly focus on the relation between the less-developed Eastern part of the EU and its more developed Western counterpart, and discuss the consequences of this development gap...

  • Authors: Jorgensen, Ed;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    The purpose of this text is to provide a reference for University level assembly language and systems programming courses. Specifically, this text addresses the x86-64 instruction set for the popular x86-64 class of processors using the Ubuntu 64-bit Operating System (OS). While the provided code and various examples should work under any Linux-based 64-bit OS, they have only been tested under Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (64-bit). The x86-64 is a Complex Instruction Set Computing (CISC) CPU design. This refers to the internal processor design philosophy. CISC processors typically include a wide variety of instructions (sometimes overlapping), varying instructions sizes, and a wide range of addressing modes. The term was retroactively coined in contrast to Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC...

  • Authors: Steven H., Voldman;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    The book Electrostatic Discharge: From Electrical Breakdown in Micro-gaps to Nanogenerators opens with an introductory chapter. The first section of this book discusses the issue of ESD in advanced technologies. The second section follows with a chapter on electrical breakdown in micro-gaps. The third section contains a chapter on nanogenerators from ESD and a chapter on theoretical prediction and optimization of triboelectric nanogenerators.

  • Authors: Taha, Selim Ustun;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    Proliferation of distributed generation and the increased ability to monitor different parts of the electrical grid offer unprecedented opportunities for consumers and grid operators. Energy can be generated near the consumption points, which decreases transmission burdens and novel control schemes can be utilized to operate the grid closer to its limits. In other words, the same infrastructure can be used at higher capacities thanks to increased efficiency. Also, new players are integrated into this grid such as smart meters with local control capabilities, electric vehicles that can act as mobile storage devices, and smart inverters that can provide auxiliary support. To achieve stable and safe operation, it is necessary to observe and coordinate all of these components in the sma...

  • Authors: Grebner, Tim;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    Overview: The advent of electronics has had a profound impact on our lives and impacted nearly every product that we use either directly or indirectly. Without electronics, present day computers, cell phones, stereos, televisions, and the internet would not be possible. And of course, without computers and modern communications tools, society could not have made the huge strides in fields such as medicine, aerospace technologies, meteorology, transportation, agriculture, education, and many others. It is for these reasons that the invention of the transistor is considered as one of the most important technological advancements in history.

  • Authors: Jong-Dae, Park;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2019)

    This open access book analyses the development problems of sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) from the eyes of a Korean diplomat with knowledge of the economic growth Korea has experienced in recent decades. The author argues that Africa's development challenges are not due to a lack of resources but a lack of management, presenting an alternative to the traditional view that Africa's problems are caused by a lack of leadership. In exploring an approach based on mind-set and nation-building, rather than unity – which tends to promote individual or party interests rather than the broader country or national interests – the author suggests new solutions for SSA's economic growth, inspired by Korea's successful economic growth model much of which is focused on industrialisation. This book will be...