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  • Authors: Carlo G, Riva;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    This open access book presents outstanding doctoral dissertations in Information Technology from the Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy. Information Technology has always been highly interdisciplinary, as many aspects have to be considered in IT systems. The doctoral studies program in IT at Politecnico di Milano emphasizes this interdisciplinary nature, which is becoming more and more important in recent technological advances, in collaborative projects, and in the education of young researchers. Accordingly, the focus of advanced research is on pursuing a rigorous approach to specific research topics starting from a broad background in various areas of Information Technology, especially Computer Science and Engineering, Electron...

  • Authors: Jacqulyn, A. Baughman;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    A collection of readings and exercises aligned with the course, ME 270, Introduction to Mechanical Engineering Design, at Iowa State University. This course provides an overview of mechanical engineering design with applications to thermal and mechanical systems, and an introduction to current design practices used in industry.

  • Authors: Luciano, Gattinoni; Serena, Brusatori; Rosanna, D’Albo;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    The findings in CT scans enhanced the use of prone position in ARDS patients. The main mechanism of the improved gas exchange seen in the prone position is nowadays attributed to a dorsal ventilatory recruitment, with a substantially unchanged distribution of perfusion. Regardless of the gas exchange, the primary effect of the prone position is a more homogenous distribution of ventilation, stress and strain, with similar size of pulmonary units in dorsal and ventral regions. In contrast, in the supine position the ventral regions are more expanded compared with the dorsal regions, which leads to greater ventral stress and strain, induced by mechanical ventilation.

  • Authors: Simon, Bourcier; Maxime, Coutrot; Alexis, Ferré;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Hypothyroidism is a pathological condition related to a deficiency in circulating thyroid-hormone concentrations [1]. Etiologies are mainly autoimmune thyroiditis, iodine deficiency, post-thyroidectomy or pharmacological, and central due to pituitary or hypothalamic disorders [1, 2]. Although the prevalence of overt hypothyroidism is estimated at 1–2% of the general population [3], hypothyroidism may result in a wide range of severity from subclinical hypothyroidism to exceptional life-threatening myxedema coma (MC).

  • Authors: Qing, Liu; Liheng, Li; Jingwen, Wei;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Preoperative anxiety is a typical emotional issue among surgical patients. Studies have shown that preoperative anxiety affects patients on both a physiological and a psychological level [1]. Surgery and anesthesia are the main factors that contribute to preoperative anxiety. The incidence of preoperative anxiety in Chinese adults is 16.9%, and female gender and highly invasive surgery have been identified as risk factors for high preoperative anxiety [2]. Preoperative anxiety has been shown to play an important role in modulating postoperative pain [3,4,5,6]. The literature and research are based on the theory of a linear rather than curvilinear relationship between anxiety and pain, meaning that with increased anxiety there is an increase in pain [7].

  • Authors: Seitaro, Fujishima;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is defined by acute and progressive hypoxemia caused by various cardiorespiratory or systemic diseases in previously healthy patients. Among ARF, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious condition with bilateral lung infiltration, which develops secondary to a variety of underlying conditions, diseases, or injuries. This review summarizes the current standard of care for ARF and ARDS based on current major guidelines in this field.

  • Authors: Ufuk, Demir; Öztürk, Taşkın; Ayşe, Yılmaz;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Although invasive methods (intraventricular and intraparenchymal monitors) are still the gold standard in the diagnosis and follow-up of increased ICP, these approaches may cause major complications, such as hemorrhage and infection [8]. Non-invasive alternative methods recommended for the assessment of ICP include the following: measurement of changes in cranial computed tomography (CT) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transcranial doppler, tympanic membrane displacement, intraocular pressure, venous ophthalmodynamometry and ONSD [8].

  • Authors: Jin, Liu; Daqing, Ma; Zhongcong, Xie;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Anesthesiology and Perioperative Science (APS) is an open access and peer-reviewed journal which publishes high-quality cutting-edge work of all aspects of anesthesiology, perioperative science and beyond. The publication of the first issue of APS represents a milestone of the development in Anesthesiology-based perioperative medicine, which has the scope far beyond the concepts and practices of the traditional anesthesia care of patients. Launching this journal will likely provide the additional vehicle to advance the research and practice of Anesthesiology and Anesthesiology-based perioperative medicine and science.

  • Authors: Kruglov, Artem; Succi, Giancarlo;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    This open access book provides information how to choose and collect the appropriate metrics for a software project in an organization. There are several kinds of metrics, based on the analysis of source code and developed for different programming paradigms such as structured programming and object-oriented programming (OOP). This way, the book follows three main objectives: (i) to identify existing and easily-collectible measures, if possible in the early phases of software development, for predicting and modeling both the traditional attributes of software systems and attributes specifically related to their efficient use of resources, and to create new metrics for such purposes; (ii) to describe ways to collect these measures during the entire lifecycle of a system, using minima...

  • Authors: Simon, Bourcier; Maxime, Coutrot; Alexis, Ferré;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Severe hypothyroidism (SH) is a rare but life-threatening endocrine emergency. Only a few data are available on its management and outcomes of the most severe forms requiring ICU admission. We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, management, and in-ICU and 6-month survival rates of these patients.