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  • Authors: Mansour, Al Qubeissi; Ahmad, El-kharouf;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2020)

    The demand for secure, affordable and clean energy is a priority call to humanity. Challenges associated with conventional energy resources, such as depletion of fossil fuels, high costs and associated greenhouse gas emissions, have stimulated interests in renewable energy resources. For instance, there have been clear gaps and rushed thoughts about replacing fossil-fuel driven engines with electric vehicles without long-term plans for energy security and recycling approaches. This book aims to provide a clear vision to scientists, industrialists and policy makers on renewable energy resources, predicted challenges and emerging applications. It can be used to help produce new technologies for sustainable, connected and harvested energy. A clear response to economic growth and clean ...

  • Authors: Xuesong, Liu; Jun, Fan; Jibin, Pu;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    High-entropy alloys have made significant progress in high mechanical properties, wear resistance, and corrosion resistance properties. Excellent tribological properties, especially high-temperature lubrication, have become another sought performance. In this work, VAlTiCrW high-entropy alloy film with body-centered cubic (BCC) structure was prepared on superalloy substrate by magnetron sputtering. It is found that the VAlTiCrW film shows very low friction coefficient of 0.15 and a low wear rate of 10−5 orders of magnitude at 800 °C. After 800 °C oxidation, the film can still obtain a friction coefficient of no more than 0.2 at 700 °C. XRD and TEM revealed the formation of ternary oxide AlV3O9 with preferred orientation of (002) crystal plane with large spacing of 0.71 nm on the wea...

  • Authors: Wenrui, Liu; Hongdong, Wang; Yuhong, Liu;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    Polyalkylene glycol (PAG) aqueous solutions have recently been demonstrated to exhibit an ultralow friction coefficient (COF, μ < 0.01). However, the prolonged running-in period and low bearing capacity have limited its widespread application. In this study, we determined that the running-in period can be decreased by more than 75% when the pH value of the lubricant is controlled at 3 by introducing various acid solutions. Additionally, less time was required to realize stable superlubricity with inorganic acid at lower pH values. This was mainly attributed to the acceleration effect of hydrogen ions around the contact region. In case of PAG aqueous solution with organic acid, the wear loss between sliding solid surfaces was reduced, and thus the bearing pressure during the superlub...

  • Authors: Lee, Jian;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2011)

    2010 First International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering was held in Wuhan, China December 4-5. Advanced Electrical and Electronics Engineering book contains 72 revised and extended research articles written by prominent researchers participating in the conference. Topics covered include, Power Engineering, Telecommunication, Control engineering, Signal processing, Integrated circuit, Electronic amplifier, Nano-technologies, Circuits and networks, Microelectronics, Analog circuits, Digital circuits, Nonlinear circuits, Mixed-mode circuits, Circuits design, Sensors, CAD tools, DNA computing, Superconductivity circuits. Electrical and Electronics Engineering will offer the state of art of tremendous advances in Electrical and Electronics Engineering and also serv...

  • Authors: Tianze, Hao; Huaping, Xiao; Shuhai, Liu;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    The core capabilities of soft grippers/soft robotic hands are grasping and manipulation. At present, most related research often improves the grasping and manipulation performance by structural design. When soft grippers rely on compressive force and friction to achieve grasping, the influence of the surface microstructure is also significant. Three types of fingerprint-inspired textures with relatively regular patterns were prepared on a silicone rubber surface via mold casting by imitating the three basic shapes of fingerprint patterns (i.e., whorls, loops, and arches). Tribological experiments and tip pinch tests were performed using fingerprint-like silicone rubber films rubbing against glass in dry and lubricated conditions to examine their performance.

  • Authors: Stephen E, Saddow; Francesco, La Via;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2015)

    Since the production of the first commercially available blue LED in the late 1980s, silicon carbide technology has grown into a billion-dollar industry world-wide in the area of solid-state lighting and power electronics. With this in mind we organized this book to bring to the attention of those well versed in SiC technology some new developments in the field with a particular emphasis on particularly promising technologies such as SiC-based solar cells and optoelectronics. We have balanced this with the more traditional subjects such as power electronics and some new developments in the improvement of the MOS system for SiC MOSFETS. Given the importance of advanced microsystems and sensors based on SiC, we also included a review on 3C-SiC for both microsystem and electronic appli...

  • Authors: John, Haughery; Tony R, Kuphaldt;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2021)

    Overview: This free electrical engineering/technology textbook provides a series of chapters covering electricity and electronics. The information provided is great for students, makers, and professionals who are looking for an application-centric coverage of this field.

  • Authors: Wei, Tang; Shousheng, Zhang; Chuang, Yu;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    Tactile perception plays a critical role in the interaction of humans and environment. It begins with the mechanical stimulation induced by friction and is processed in the somatosensory cortex. To quantify the tactile perceptions of textile fabrics, the mechanical properties of fabrics and the features extracted from the friction and vibration signals were correlated with the subjective sensation rated by questionnaires. Meanwhile, the technique of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to identify the brain areas responsible for the tactile perception of textile fabrics.

  • Authors: Hongwei, Ruan; Yaoming, Zhang; Fuzhi, Song;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    Herein, a porous oil-containing material with hierarchical pore structure was successfully prepared through microtexturing large pores on the surface of porous polyimide (PPI) with single-level small pores. Compared to the conventional oil-containing material, the hierarchically porous oil-containing material exhibited high oil-content, and retained excellent mechanical properties and high oil-retention because of the synergistic effects of large pores and small pores. Furthermore, the lubricant stored in the hierarchically porous polyimide could release to the interface under thermal-and-mechano-stimuli, and the released lubricant could be reabsorbed into the hierarchically porous polyimide via the capillary-force offered by the porous channel. Based on the high oil-content and rec...

  • Authors: Xiao, Ma; Xinfeng, Tan; Dan, Guo;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    Superlubricity and active friction control have been extensively researched in order to reduce the consumption of fossil energy, the failure of moving parts, and the waste of materials. The vibration-induced superlubricity (VIS) presents a promising solution for friction reduction since it does not require high-standard environment. However, the mechanism underlying the VIS remains unclear since the atomic-scale information in a buried interface is unavailable to experimental methods. In this paper, the mechanism of VIS was examined via numerical calculation based on the Prandtl—Tomlinson (PT) model and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results revealed that the pushing effect of stick—slip is one of the direct sources of friction reduction ability under vibrational excitatio...