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Title: A New Monitoring Strategy of Large Micro-, Meso- and Macro-Litter: A Case Study on Sandy Beaches of Baltic Lagoons and Estuaries
Authors: Gyraite, Greta
Haseler, Mirco
Balčiūnas, Arūnas
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Coastal lagoons and estuaries are hot spots to accumulate river basin-related plastic leakage. However, no official methodology exists to investigate their relatively short, rich in organic matter beaches, and the knowledge of pollution of lagoons is scarce worldwide. This study aimed to develop a methodology suitable for large micro (2–5 mm), meso (5–25 mm), and macro-litter (>25 mm) monitoring at sandy inner-coastal waters that would provide comparable results to the intensively used OSPAR 100 m method. The method proposed in this study is based on two 40 m2 rectangular polygons placed on the tidal accumulation zone for macro-litter enumeration and two 1 m2 squares for micro- and meso-litter.
Description: CC-BY
URI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-022-01755-z
https://dlib.phenikaa-uni.edu.vn/handle/PNK/8717
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