Browsing by Advisor Ryu, Shinyoung

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  • Authors: Nguyen, Huu Tuan;  Advisor: Ryu, Shinyoung; Duong, Anh Tuan; Lee, Soonil;  Co-Author: - (2021)

    We report a five-fold luminance increase of green-light-emitting CdSe@ZnS quantum-dot LEDs (QLEDs) in response to treatment with a 2-ethoxyethanol solution of cesium carbonate (Cs2CO3). The maximum luminous yield of Cs2CO3-treated QLED is as high as 3.41 cd A−1 at 6.4 V. To elucidate device-performance improvement, we model measured currents as the sum of radiative and non-radiative recombination components, which are respectively represented by modified Shockley equations. Variations in model parameters show that a shift in Fermi level, reduction of barrier heights, and passivation of mid-gap defect states are the main results of Cs2CO3 treatment. In spite of a large luminance differ...