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E-commerce channel management on the manufacturers’ side ongoing debates and future research pathways
Since the beginning of the 2000s, online commerce has been gradually taking over and shaping the global marketplace. This has led several scholars to study the phenomenon from different angles, from consumer habits to privacy risks to related technological innovations. However, only recently has a branch of literature addressing the online channel management phenomenon from the manufacturers’ perspective emerged. This rapidly expanding literature strand remains rather fragmented, raising the need for a systematic literature review to comprehensively structure and discuss it. This study, accordingly, proposes a systematic literature review on online channel management from the manufact...
E-waste management is a serious challenge across developed, transition, and developing countries because of the consumer society and the globalization process. E-waste is a fast-growing waste stream which needs more attention of international organizations, governments, and local authorities in order to improve the current waste management practices. The book reveals the pollution side of this waste stream with critical implications on the environment and public health, and also it points out the resource side which must be further developed under the circular economy framework with respect to safety regulations. In this context, complicated patterns at the global scale emerge under l...
Driving the decisions of stock market investors is among the most challenging financial research problems. Markowitz’s approach to portfolio selection models stock profitability and risk level through a mean–variance model, which involves estimating a very large number of parameters. In addition to requiring considerable computational effort, this raises serious concerns about the reliability of the model in real-world scenarios. This paper presents a hybrid approach that combines itemset extraction with portfolio selection. We propose to adapt Markowitz’s model logic to deal with sets of candidate portfolios rather than with single stocks. We overcome some of the known issues of the ...
Early total care or damage control orthopaedics for major fractures ? Results of propensity score matching for early definitive versus early temporary fixation based on data from the trauma registry of the German Trauma Society (TraumaRegister DGU®)
Damage control orthopaedics (DCO) und early total care (ETC) are well-established strategies for managing severely injured patients. There is no definitive evidence of the superiority of DCO over ETC in polytrauma patients. We conducted this study to assess the probability of a polytraumatised patient undergoing DCO. In addition, the effect of DCO on complications and mortality was investigated.
When the European Union expanded eastward in 2004 and 2007 to accession the so-called EU8 and EU2 countries, respectively, the incumbent member states imposed temporary restrictions on the employment of EU8 and EU2 nationals. Self-employed individuals were exempted from these transitional arrangements, prompting concerns that self-employment could be used as a means to evade the restrictions on labour market access. If the transitional arrangements led to an increase in EU8 and EU2 nationals’ self-employment rates, as previous research suggests, then their removal should have led to a corresponding decrease. This article analyses whether the latter has indeed been the case.
This article makes two claims regarding what is relevant in 2022 to the future of Regulation 1049/2001. The first is that an about-turn in the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has partly altered the formal scope of the EU policy concerning public access to documents (PAD) from document to information (PAI). This change in scope affects documents included in digital databases or other documents held in digital form but not the acquis regarding printed-on-paper documents. Second, we observe an uncomfortable stasis currently affecting both the EU judiciary and the Ombudsman. On the one hand, the judiciary remains imprisoned, without an alternative, within the...
EBUNet: a fast and accurate semantic segmentation network with lightweight efficient bottleneck unit
It has been difficult to achieve a suitable balance between effectiveness and efficiency in lightweight semantic segmentation networks in recent years. The goal of this work is to present an efficient and reliable semantic segmentation method called EBUNet, which is aimed at achieving a favorable trade-off between inference speed and prediction accuracy. Initially, we develop an Efficient Bottleneck Unit (EBU) that employs depth-wise convolution and depth-wise dilated convolution to obtain adequate features with moderate computation costs. Then, we developed a novel Image Partition Attention Module (IPAM), which divides feature maps into subregions and generates attention weights base...
Eco-friendly copper nanomaterials-based dual-mode optical nanosensors for ultrasensitive trace determination of amoxicillin antibiotics residue in tap water samples
In this study, we have developed, for the first time, a colorimetric and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) dual-mode sensing platform for sensitive amoxicillin (AMX) detection by employing electrochemically-synthesized copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) and copper-graphene oxide (Cu-GO) nanocomposites with low cost and high purity. The obtained results revealed that Cu-GO-based colorimetric nanosensor exhibited high sensitivity with AMX antibiotics in a linear working range from 5 to 50 µM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 1.71 µM, which was 1.3 times lower than that of CuNPs-based colorimetric nanosensor (2.17 µM). More interestingly, Cu-GO-based SERS nanosensor has a linear range ...
Ecocide Before the International Criminal Court: Simplicity is Better Than an Elaborate Embellishment
In 2021, with their proposals of a new definition of ‘ecocide’, the Independent Expert Panel for the Legal Definition of Ecocide (‘IEPLDE’) and the Promise Institute for Human Rights (‘UCLA’) Group of Experts reignited the discussion on expanding the International Criminal Court’s (‘ICC’ or ‘Court’) jurisdiction over the gravest instances of environmental degradation. The proposed definitions form part of the broader campaign towards the international criminalisation of ‘ecocide’ and its prosecution before the ICC. This discussion challenges such ambitions, arguing that, in its current form, the Court would be unable to produce environmentally-satisfactory results. It underscores that...
Ecofriendly Maghemite/Halloysite-like Nanotubes Nanocomposite for Highly Efficient Removal of Cd(II) from Industrial Wastewater
Kaolinite is a widely available and inexpensive substance that has been successfully employed to decontaminate different hazardous contaminants from wastewater by adsorption. In this study, halloysite-like nanotubes (HNTs) were prepared via intercalation followed by ultrasonic rolling of the kaolinite layers. Then, maghemite nanoparticles were co-precipitated within the HNTs matrix to produce a maghemite/HNTs nanocomposite (MG@HNTs). XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, and a BET analyzer were used to characterize the MG@HNTs nanocomposite, which was then utilized to eliminate Cd(II) from aqueous solutions (water and wastewater). Using a batch methodology, the impact of various adsorption parameters ...
The use of fossil fuel-based vehicles may gradually be replaced by electric vehicles in the future. The trend indicates that the number of users of electric vehicles, especially electric cars, continues to increase. Indonesia is well-positioned to take advantage of this opportunity as it has the world’s largest nickel reserves, an essential raw material for making electric vehicle batteries (EVB). The study examines the economic and environmental implications if Indonesia were to successfully set up electric vehicle (EV) production rather than exporting such raw materials overseas.
Economic assessment of transporting refrigerated cargo between West-Africa and Europe a chain cost analysis approach
Determining which ports to call at in a maritime loop is considered as an important determinant factor for shipping companies which impacts not only on efficiency, and productivity but also on transportation costs. The port selection process becomes more challenging and sensitive if the market is for perishable goods such as fruits and vegetables. Specifically, this paper aims to develop an efficient maritime supply chain for reefer cargo. A case study of refrigerated cargo trade between West-Africa and West-Europe is investigated for which the main objective is to minimize the trade route's supply chain costs. To do so, the paper analyzes various scenarios based upon the different ty...
Economic burden of locoregional and metastatic relapses in resectable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer in Spain
There are scarce data of the costs of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) recurrence in Spain. The objective of this study is to assess the economic burden of disease recurrence, for both locoregional and/or metastatic relapses, after appropriate early-stage NSCLC treatment in Spain.
This book presents methods to evaluate sustainable development using economic tools. The focus on sustainable development takes the reader beyond economic growth to encompass inclusion, environmental stewardship and good governance. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide a framework for outcomes. In illustrating the SDGs, the book employs three evaluation approaches: impact evaluation, cost-benefit analysis and objectives-based evaluation. The innovation lies in connecting evaluation tools with economics. Inclusion, environmental care and good governance, thought of as “wicked problems”, are given centre stage. The book uses case studies to show the application of evalu...
Economic policy uncertainty and bank stability: Does bank regulation and supervision matter in major European economies?
Motivated by the unprecedented high levels of recent economic policy uncertainty in Europe and the globe, this paper examines the relationship between economic policy uncertainty and bank stability, as well as the conditioning effects of bank regulation and supervision on this relationship. Using a sample of more than 950 commercial banks in eight major European countries over the period 2005–2020, economic policy uncertainty has been consistently linked to a sharp decrease in bank stability, once other traditional drivers are controlled for. More importantly, this paper offers important insights into how strengthening bank regulation and supervision, particularly regulations on activ...
Economic policy uncertainty: The probability and duration of economic recessions in major European Union countries
We study the impact of economic policy uncertainty on the probability and duration of economic recessions in 10 major European Union countries over the period 1987Q2–2021Q1. We find that economic policy uncertainty results in not only a higher probability of economic recessions but also longer recessions. Specifically, with a one-standard-deviation increase in the economic policy uncertainty index, on average the probability of an economic recession goes up by 14%, and the probability of an economic recession ending reduces by 27%, controlling for general economic uncertainty and economic and political factors. Moreover, we find that fiscal expansion, adequate political support, and l...
This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38...
The Global South and Global North terminologies, in addition to several other designations, have been used to classify the socio-economic nature of countries for centuries; however, these historical naming conventions carry subtle confusions and tend to tint political discourse. This research explores the classificatory differences in international trade, politics, economic theory, and the media and discusses how such differences inform the narratives surrounding world production and consumption systems, as well as trade. The current evidence suggests that several descriptions of the world economies create misunderstandings and often mischaracterize less developed countries while posi...
The effects of climate change and increasing environmental pollution have clearly shown the vulnerability of individuals, local communities, and the natural environment, even in the Western context. However, despite such unquestionable data, International Law is still struggling to find adequate, unambiguous, effective solutions to the issue. Even the ‘human right to a healthy environment’, recognised by the UN General Assembly in 2022, is permeated by an anthropocentric idea of the world, which prevents it from fully dealing with ecosystem issues so as to protect any living and non-living being. The paper starts by exploring the historical relevance of the concept of limit and the la...
Edible Coatings Based on a Furcellaran and Gelatin Extract with Herb Addition as an Active Packaging for Carp Fillets
This is the first such study in which a gelatin extract obtained from carp skins enriched with dry herbs (thyme or rosemary) has been prepared. Extracts prepared in such a manner were added to furcellaran coatings. Coatings were tested for their mechanical properties and the obtained results showed that the control coatings, and those with the addition of rosemary, had the best strength-related parameters. A new ready-to-cook product was evaluated with regard to the preservative effects of carp skin gelatin coatings containing rosemary and thyme extracts in terms of pH, biogenic amine formulation, microbial changes and sensorial characteristics.