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  • Authors: Krugman, Richard D.; Korbin, Jill E.;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2013)

    The book series, Child Maltreatment: Contemporary Issues in Research and Policy. will consist of a state of the art handbook (to be revised every five years) and two to three volumes per year. The first volume in this series is a legacy to C. Henry Kempe. This is a timely publication because 2012 marks 50 years after the appearance of the foundational article by C. Henry Kempe and his colleagues, “The Battered-Child Syndrome.” This volume capitalizes on this 50 year anniversary to stand back and assess the field from the perspective that Dr. Kempe’s early contributions and ideas are still being played out in practice and policy today. The volume will be released at the next ISPCAN mee...
  • Authors: Trần, Thị Phương Thảo;  Advisor: Nguyễn, Thị Quỳnh Trang;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Mục tiêu nghiên cứu: 1. Mô tả dự định về địa điểm làm việc sau khi tốt nghiệp của sinh viên khoa Điều Dưỡng các trường Đại học, Cao đẳng trên Hà Nội 2. Mô tả một số yếu tố ảnh hưởng tới quyết định lựa chọn địa điểm làm việc của Đối tượng nghiên cứu Đối tượng và phương pháp nghiên cứu: Nghiên cứu sử dụng phương pháp mô tả cắt ngang, gửi bộ câu hỏi đến sinh viên điều dưỡng đang học năm 2,3,4 tại các trường Đại học, Cao đẳng trên địa bàn Hà Nội với cỡ mẫu là 169 qua biểu mẫu Google Form. Nghiên cứu sử dụng phương pháp chọn mẫu thuận tiện và xử lý số liệu bằng phần mềm SPSS20. Kết quả: Hầu hết sinh viên đều chọn làm việc theo đúng ngành mình đang theo học với tỉ lệ 93.5%. Với nhu cầ...
  • Authors: Avadanii, Diana; Kareer, Anna; Hansen, Lars;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Instrumented spherical nanoindentation with a continuous stiffness measurement has gained increased popularity in microphysical investigations of grain boundaries, twins, dislocation densities, ion-induced damage, and more. These studies rely on different methodologies for instrument and tip calibration. Here, we test, integrate, and re-adapt published strategies for tip and machine-stiffness calibration for spherical tips. We propose a routine for independently calibrating the effective tip radius and the machine stiffness using standard reference materials, which requires the parametrization of the effective radius as a function of load. We validate our proposed workflow against key...
  • Authors: Dong, Van Dao; Hung Viet, Tran; Hai-Bang, Ly; Tien-Thinh Le;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    The use of geopolymer concrete (GPC) in common load-bearing structures is still limited, mainly due to the lack of specific design procedures and limited understanding of the stress–strain behavior under uniaxial loading. The present work investigates the mechanical responses of GPC under axial compressive load by conducting a large number of experiments. For this purpose, 198 samples with three GPC mixes were designed, including concrete grades of 30, 40, and 50 MPa. The samples were prepared following the ASTM standards to determine the stress–strain relationship under compression. The results showed that fly ash-based GPC had average elastic modulus values of 30.424, 31.497, and 33...
  • Authors: Dong, Van Dao; Tran, Hung Viet; Ly, Hai-Bang; Le, Tien Thinh;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2022)

    The use of geopolymer concrete (GPC) in common load-bearing structures is still limited, mainly due to the lack of specific design procedures and limited understanding of the stress–strain behavior under uniaxial loading. The present work investigates the mechanical responses of GPC under axial compressive load by conducting a large number of experiments. For this purpose, 198 samples with three GPC mixes were designed, including concrete grades of 30, 40, and 50 MPa. The samples were prepared following the ASTM standards to determine the stress–strain relationship under compression. The results showed that fly ash-based GPC had average elastic modulus values of 30.424, 31.497, and 33...
  • Authors: Michele, Salvagno; Fabio Silvio, Taccone;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    This paper discusses the use of Artificial Intelligence Chatbot in scientific writing. ChatGPT is a type of chatbot, developed by OpenAI, that uses the Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT) language model to understand and respond to natural language inputs. AI chatbot and ChatGPT in particular appear to be useful tools in scientific writing, assisting researchers and scientists in organizing material, generating an initial draft and/or in proofreading. There is no publication in the field of critical care medicine prepared using this approach; however, this will be a possibility in the next future.
  • Authors: Nones, Michael; Guo, Yiwei;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Climate change and increasing anthropogenic pressure are two of the major drivers of increasing extreme events like droughts and floods. To deal with the increasing number of flooding events hitting Europe in the last few decades, around twenty years ago the European Commission started to develop ad-hoc legislation to reduce flood risk by mapping flood hazard and risk areas, such as the Directive 2007/60/EC on the Assessment and Management of Flood Risk. This Directive looks to identify regions where flood management strategies should be prioritized. Despite this holistic approach, flaws connected to the consideration of sediment transport and morphological changes in rivers exist, le...
  • Authors: Friedrich-W., Wellmer; Roland W., Scholz; Dennis, Bastian;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Inspired by a paper by Teseletso and Adachi (Miner Econ 8(10):21, 2021), the hypothesis regarding the declining grade of mined copper ore and its possible use as a guide to the future of ultimate recoverable resources (URRs) is tested. As a time axis, cumulative production is taken. Grades can be either grade of cumulative tonnage or annual production grade. Correlation can be linear (grade and tonnage) or semi-logarithmic (grade linear, tonnage logarithmic). We first show that the assumption that the highest correlation is the best guide to the future may be a fallacy. This is the linear correlation between grades of cumulative tonnage and cumulative tonnages since 1959, i.e., 85% of...
  • Authors: Yarbro, Connie Henke; Wujcik, Debra; Gobel, Barbara Holmes;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2011)

    In his now classic writings on the origin of cancer, Sir Richard Doll1 proposed 3 potential causative factors underlying tumor development: (1) environmental factors, particularly diet, industrial pollution, and viruses; (2) systemic factors, including breakdowns in immunosurveillance; and (3) genetic factors, such as the degree of susceptibility to cancer. Since Doll’s publications in the late 1970s, the biology underlying these proposed causative factors—which were derived largely from epidemiological studies—has been carefully scrutinized to determine the causes of cancer at the biochemical, cellular, and molecular levels. Because of the intensity of biological research and the ra...
  • Authors: Phung Van Dong;  Advisor: Cao H. Nam; Duong Van Loi;  Co-Author: - (2021)

    We show that the canonical seesaw mechanism implemented by the U ( 1 ) B − L gauge symmetry provides two-component dark matter naturally. The seesaw scale that breaks B − L defines a residual gauge symmetry to be Z 6 = Z 2 ⊗ Z 3 , where Z 2 leads to the usual matter parity, while Z 3 is newly recognized, transforming quark fields nontrivially. The dark matter components—that transform nontrivially under the matter parity and Z 3 , respectively—can gain arbitrary masses, despite the fact that the Z 3 dark matter may be heavier than the light quarks u , d . This dark matter setup can address the XENON1T anomaly recently observed and oth...
  • Authors: Kwok, T. W. J.; Worsnop, F. F.; Douglas, J. O.;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Carbon is a well known austenite stabiliser and can be used to alter the stacking fault energy and stability against martensitic transformation in medium Mn steels, producing a range of deformation mechanisms such as the Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) or combined Twinning and Transformation Induced Plasticity (TWIP + TRIP) effects. However, the effect of C beyond quasi-static tensile behaviour is less well known. Therefore, two medium Mn steels with 0.2 and 0.5 wt pct C were designed to produce similar austenite fractions and stability and therefore tensile behaviour. These were processed to form lamellar and mixed equiaxed + lamellar microstructures. The low C steel had a c...
  • Authors: Sun, Bo; Ma, Fenyan; Zhang, Huyuan;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Water seepage is one of the main factors leading to the damage of grottoes. The sources and pathways of water seepage need to be identified to relieve it. Although the sources and pathways are investigated using geophysical exploration methods commonly, the results are unsatisfactory due to the limitation of resolution. The tracer method has been widely used to examine water seepage in the natural sciences and engineering. However, most tracers have an impact on grottoes, making this method inapplicable. This study was the first to use the carbon quantum dots as a tracer of water seepage in grottoes. The characteristics of the carbon quantum dots, which was synthesized by various biom...
  • Authors: Sahar Arbab, Solimani; Shiva, Irani; Marjan, Mohamadali;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Electroconductive scaffolds based on polyaniline (PANi)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were fabricated and surface-functionalized by carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) as efficient scaffolds for nerve tissue regeneration. The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and water contact angle measurement approved the successful fabrication of CMC-functionalized PANi/PAN-based scaffolds. Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs) were cultured on the scaffolds for 10 d in the presence or absence of β-carotene (βC, 20 µM) as a natural neural differentiation agent. The MTT and SEM results confirmed the attachment and proliferation of hADM...
  • Authors: Ameldina, Ceric; Teresa L., May; Anna, Lybeck;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    Sedation and analgesia are recommended during targeted temperature management (TTM) after cardiac arrest, but there are few data to provide guidance on dosing to bedside clinicians. We evaluated differences in patient-level sedation and analgesia dosing in an international multicenter TTM trial to better characterize current practice and clinically important outcomes.
  • Authors: Deidre, Maultsaid; Brianna, Doyle; Celine Wai Shan, Li;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    This Open Education resource, “Cases on Social Issues: For Class Discussion – 2nd Edition”, includes valuable cases for student use on issues of discrimination, diversity, equity, inclusion and general social issues in the workplace. Included are cases for discussion on workplace scenarios as follows: homophobia; working with Indigenous communities; oil and gas pipelines and the family ranch; invisible disabilities; employee anxiety; safety for women, transgender women and non-binary people; and the bullying of new immigrants and refugees. The critical events portrayed in the cases are realistic and emotional, and most feature the experiences of under-represented and marginalized peop...
  • Authors: Andrea, Tonon; Fabio, Vandin;  Advisor: -;  Co-Author: - (2023)

    The mining of time series data has applications in several domains, and in many cases the data are generated by networks, with time series representing paths on such networks. In this work, we consider the scenario in which the dataset, i.e., a collection of time series, is generated by an unknown underlying network, and we study the problem of mining statistically significant paths, which are paths whose number of observed occurrences in the dataset is unexpected given the distribution defined by some features of the underlying network. A major challenge in such a problem is that the underlying network is unknown, and, thus, one cannot directly identify such paths. We then propose CA...